ENGL1238 Effective Communications

Most of the paper is done, I just need help writing the abstract, scope, process descriptions and conclusion.

I have the data/sources needed and I mainly just need someone to reorganize the data into the correct sections in the paper. I will link the information needed after chatting with you.

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The Northern Alberta Institute of Technology School of Applied Science and Technology Edmonton, Alberta

Scanning Tunneling Microscope and Its Uses in Biological Sciences

Prepared by

, student ID number 123456 for partial credit in

ENGL1238 Effective Communications

Prepared for

Instructor’s Name, Instructor English and Communications Department

Day, Month, Year [Due date of the report]

Table of Contents

List of Figures iii Abstract iv Introduction 1 Methods/Background 2 Subheading describing the content 1 3 Subheading describing the content 2 3 Findings – Main point(s) (as many as needed) 4 Subheading describing the content 1 5 Subheading describing the content 2 5 Discussion 6 Conclusion 6 References 7


List of Figures

Figure 1. Manage Sources and Citations using MS Word tools. 3

Figure 2. Chemical Reactor Process Diagram 3

Figure 3. PV after MEA Flow Rate Change from 70 kg/ hr to 25 kg/hr. 4

Figure 4. Example C code used in Cam pbell Scientific CR3000 Micrologger 5



Abstracts provide a concise, descriptive overview of a technical report’s contents. Although the abstract appears at the beginning of the report, it is usually written last (because it summarizes the entire report). The first sentence of the abstract should summarize the topic of the report, for example: “This report looks in detail at the diesel fuel injection systems in heavy-duty equipment, including the Hydraulic Electronic Unit Injector (HEUI) and the Common Rail Injection System.” The rest of the abstract summarizes key points from each section of the report (purpose, method, results, discussion, conclusion) to give the reader a general sense of the report without the reader having to read the entire document.

The purpose of an abstract is to let the reader decide if a piece of writing will be useful for their own research. When you look up an article in the NAIT Library, for example, you don’t read the entire thing to decide if it is going to be useful—you make your decision based on a brief synopsis, or abstract. An abstract is like the preview or trailer of a movie—you don’t watch the whole movie to decide if you want to watch the movie. You watch the short trailer to get all the basic information you need, in order to decide whether or not to see it. As shown here, the abstract is one or two single-spaced paragraphs, in the same font (style, size and colour) as the rest of your report.


The Glossary is a list of terminology (words, phrases, acronyms) that appears at the end of the report, after the References page. Follow these guidelines for preparing a glossary:

· Define all terms unfamiliar to a general reader (that is, a non-expert or layperson).

· Define terms that have a special meaning in your report (e.g., “In this report, a small business is defined as . . .”).

· Define all terms by giving their class and distinguishing features (see textbook ch. 11).

· List your glossary and its first page number in your table of contents.

· List all terms in alphabetical order, as if it were a dictionary.

· Each term should be in bold lettering (as in the examples below).

· Define only terms that need explanation. In doubtful cases, however, over-defining is safer than under-defining.

In your report, please include at least five terms in your glossary.

Carburetor A mixing device in gasoline engines that blends air and fuel into a vapor for combustion within the cylinders

Diabetes A metabolic disease caused by a disorder of the pituitary gland or pancreas and characterized by excessive urination, persistent thirst, and inability to metabolize sugar.

Stress An applied force that strains or disfigures a body.

Turus egestas Ut luctus lorem sollicitudin odio eleifend commodo.

Zisque Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Curabitur faucibus ultricies magna ut feugiat.

1.0 Introduction

The scanning tunneling microscope, called the scientific scanning tunneling microscope (STM), is a powerful tool for obtaining images of material surfaces at the atomic level. The device was invented in 1981 by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer at IBM . They won the Nobel Prize in 1986 for inventing this device, which allowed researchers for the first time to see the atom in three dimensions. Device has STM high analytical capacity of up to 0.1nm and depth of up to 0.01nm. With this high analytical ability, we can obtain images of the atoms within the material as well as control and move the atoms themselves.

1.1 Background

The information we get from the STM is to monitor the change in the current when the sample surface is scanned in the sensor and the data is displayed in the form of an image. STM requires a high degree of cleanliness and stability of the surface. Therefore, the microscope is operated in a vacuum chamber. The probe is so sharp that the tip is one atom or two atoms. The probe is connected with precise controllers to move it in the three dimensions.

1.2 Purpose

The tunnel microscope is an essential device in nanotechnology that has helped to study materials at the atomic level and in the construction and testing of nanoparticles. The idea of ​​ how it works is based on quantum tunneling.


1.3 Scope

Clarify the boundaries of the report, defining what will be included or excluded. Describe the ground covered by the report and outline the method of investigation used in the project. If there are limiting factors, identify them.

2.0 Item Description

Scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a microscope that uses magnification in a tunnel vacuum achieving magnification of objects to about 100 million times. The main difference between scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is the two of them utilize the connection of electrons with a surface to create a picture. Be that as it may, a scanning electron microscope lens utilizes a continually rastered light emission at reasonably high increasing accelerations to bombard the surface. The test samples must be in low or high vacuum.

SEM by and large handles harsh surfaces great. Interestingly, a scanning tunneling microscope utilizes quantum tunneling to recognize current varieties between a rastered sharp conductive tip and a surface. The sample can be in ordinary environment however best outcomes happen for high vacuum. The image is of surface electronic states, as often as possible with atomic or subatomic resolution. STM for the most part handles surface roughness very poorly

3.0 Process Description

Using the third person and imperative mood, write a process description paragraph. Write your paragraph(s) in complete sentences; do not include point-form descriptions. Begin the paragraph(s) with a topic sentence stating the major topic and controlling idea, and end with a concluding sentence that paraphrases the topic sentence and adds no new ideas. Select a five- to ten-step process about a piece of technology and explain how it works. Include a graphic (or graphics) that help to explain the process.


Numbers and labels appear below Figures.Figure 1. Chemical Reactor Process Diagram

1 2

The source line should be immediately below the Figure number and title line. The source information does not appear in the List of Illustrations. (Numbers 1 – 4 are explained on the next page.)(Tartara, Birol, Teymour & Cinar, 2005)

3 4

Illustrations should be numbered, labelled, and cited as follows:

1. Figure or Table number

2. Figure or Table title, and/or brief descriptive caption

3. Source author or corporate author name(s)

4. Source date

All illustrations (Figures and Tables) should be discussed in the writing. Don’t assume the reader knows what they’re looking at; don’t assume an illustration will speak for itself. It is your job to introduce, explain, and describe illustrations throughout the report. Furthermore, illustrations

should appear as near as possible to the text it belongs with. The reader should not have to flip back and forth through the report, looking for the Figure they’re reading about.

Technical report illustrations are not decorations. They must serve a clear and definite purpose. Whenever possible, present your data and findings visually, using figures and tables, as shown in this section.

Figure 2. PV after MEA flow rate change from 70 kg/hr to 25 kg/hr.

int turbineVal ; int magVal ; void main( ) { turbineVal = ( TurbineMeasure ( )-6553)*(114/(32767-6553)); magVal = ( MagMeasure ()-6553)*(30/(32767-6553)); if (( magVal >22. 5)| |( turbineVal >22.5)) { while( turbineVal >20.0) { TurbineLog ( ); turbineVal = ( TurbineMeasure ( )-6553)*(114/(32767-6553)); } } else () { while( magVal <25.0) { MagLog ( ); magVal = ( MagMeasure ( )-6553)*(30/(32767-6553)); } } }

Figure 3. Example C code used in Campbell Scientific CR3000 Micrologger

Note: Figures 2 and 3 are original work by the author of the report, and so do not list sources.

4.0 Conclusion

While your Introduction previewed what you wanted to say, your Conclusion briefly summarizes the report (similar but not identical to the Abstract), and tells your audience what you think of what you just said, based on what you know and what you have learned from your research. It includes your thoughts, beliefs, and opinions as related to your findings.

Your Conclusion section addresses the problem statement by answering the question(s), solving the problem(s), and/or resolving the issue(s) you established in your introduction section. You also need to ensure that you support your answers/resolutions with sound reasoning from your research and your own knowledge.

5.0 References

On a separate page, list all websites, articles, books, and other sources that you include in your report, in alphabetical order.

NAIT uses the APA citation style. See “Appendix A: Documenting Sources” on page 385 in the textbook, and the NAIT library APA resource document, for guidelines and examples: http://www.nait.ca/libresources/Citations/APA_Examples.pdf

The first line of every References page citation is left-justified, and the following lines are indented. These are called Hanging Indents.

Foster, P. (2005). Basics of draft. Power Engineering117(3), 31-47. Retrieved from http://proquest.umi.com.libdbauth.nait.ab.ca/pqdweb?did=1568109711 &sid


Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today’s schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., & Harlow, T. (1993). There’s more to self esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.

Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

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