What role does honor and duty play within this ancient society? What do these concepts mean for men and women in their roles as husbands,wives,sons, mothers,soldiers, kings, etc.? How is this similar or different from what we saw in Gilgamesh?
Consider the way violence is described in the Iliad, and the way the characters respond to acts of violence. From what we have read, is violence accepted and supported in this culture, or is it opposed? Clearly some violence is permitted since these characters are engaged in a 10-year war, but is violence (and war) seen as a necessary evil, or as something glorious? Could it be both, or neither one? Explain.
When discussing Gilgamesh, much was made about the relationship and bond between Gilgamesh and Enkidu. This was definitely a central aspect of the epic. Do we see a similar connection between any of the characters here? In what ways are the friendships and rivalries among the men in the Iliad similar and/or different to those described in Gilgamesh? What might this tell us about the cultures these poems represent?