What are the four macromolecules?, homework help

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1. What are the four macromolecules? (4, plurals)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

2. How many glands produce saliva? (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

3. What does amylase break down? (3, singular)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

4. What tube takes food to the stomach? (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

5. What are we using to break food down mechanically in our stomachs? (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

6. What is the enzyme that breaks down proteins in the stomach? (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

7. How do we prevent digesting our own stomach? (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

8. What do the parietal cells produce? (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

9. What is the duodenum? (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

10. Bile salts, from the liver and stored in the ball bladder, will ____________ the lipids, by emulsifying them. (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

11. For the pancreas, select the function of the following enzymes Lipase, Amylase Trypsin/Chymotrypsin. (3, any order)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

12. The small Intestine (Jejunum and Ileum) works to ________ and ________ our food. (2, any order)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

13. Large Intestine (Colon): as the waste moves through, we are ________ water and getting vitamins. (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

14. The appendix doesn’t really do ___________ for us, but it does for other organisms. (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

15. All of the nutrients absorbed will go to the _________ by way of the portal system. (1)

absorb

amylose starch

anything

breaks down amino acids

breaks down carbohydrates

breaks down lipids

carbohydrate

carbohydrates

digest

esophagus

first portion of the small intestine

hydrochloric acid

lipids

liver

mucus

nucleic acids

pepsin

proteins

reclaiming

starch

surround

the muscles in the stomach

three

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