legal immigrants into the United States.

Throughout the Arabian peninsula, bedouin communities are becoming:

a. absorbed into existing nation-states b. economically self-sufficient c. autonomous nations with their own governments d. wealthy through oil revenues

82. As a result of policies of industrialization and modernization under the Shah of Iran, the Qashqa’i nomads began to:

a. demand more autonomy b. manufacture cigars c. adapt an agricultural way of life d. live in cities like Tehran

83. Among the many racist events in U.S. History, little-known legislation in several states made which kind of intermarriage illegal?

a. Filipino-white b. Korean-white c. Jewish-Christian d. Native American-White

84. During the period 1901-1920, most legal immigrants into the United States were from:

a. Latin America b. southern and eastern Europe c. northern and western Europe d. Asia

85. When minority ethnic groups want to resist cultural hegemony by the dominant ethnic group, they often try to secede and develop their own nation states. This is called a(n):

a. pluralist movement b. multicultural movement c. ethnonationalist movement d. colonialist movement

86. Mohandas Gandhi in India, Jomo Kenyatta in east Africa, and Simon Bolivar in Latin America all mobilized new forms of:

a. ethnonationalism b. assimilation c. circumstantialism d. primordialism

20

Final Examination

GED210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

87. The model of ethnicity in which boundary markers such as language, clothing, or other traits are not based on deeply-rooted, enduring connections to an ethnic identity is called the:

a. ethnogenesis model b. biological assimilation model c. circumstantialist model d. primordialist model

88. Non-voluntary or forced cultural assimilation of a minority group by a government is termed:

a. genocide b. ethnocide c. the “melting pot” approach d. segregation

89. Anthropological research may help assess global issues such as population growth, environmental destruction, and technological change by providing a more cautious and analytical approach. This is because anthropology:

a. relies upon the concept of ethical relativism, and it can make major value judgments that other disciplines are incapable of handling or making b. uses the holistic approach; it has always been concerned with precisely those aspects of human interaction with the environment that are becoming widely recognized by scientists studying global changes in the environment c. has been almost impulsive when studying cultural change and innovation, causing anthropologists to be very liberal and impetuous in their recommendations concerning changes in the relationship between human cultures and the physical environment

90. Ethnographic research aimed at examining the green revolution, which is the spread of mechanized agriculture, has found that:

a. this revolution is proceeding smoothly in many third world countries, providing much needed food for the lower classes, especially the small farmers b. these innovations have created a number of unintended social and economic problems, such as widening the gap between the rich and poor because wealthy farmers buy out smaller farmers, creating a class of landless peasants c. Many of the genetically engineered plants and animals do not survive and reproduce in different climates and geographical locations, creating problems of waste disposal of excess carcasses and erosion/soil degradation when plants die en masse d. individuals in cultures other than the west have found that the mechanization of agriculture leaves them with too much free-time; as a result, crime, spouse abuse, and drug addiction increase exponentially

21

Final Examination

GED210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

91. According to ethnographic research conducted by Murray Leaf, the green revolution has been successfully implemented in:

a. Mexico City, Mexico b. Shahidpur, India c. Rio de Janiero, Brazil d. western Samoa

92. Dependency theorists suggest that multinational corporations are just a new form of neocolonialism aimed at supplying the western world with natural resources and cheap labor. These corporations, rather than helping the populace, actually intensify many of the problems of third world countries by:

a. making it possible to get cheap food and adequate housing b. creating benefits for a wealthy elite and a small middle class while allowing the vast majority of the population to remain in poverty c. establishing a strong lower class that eventually overthrows the ruling elite in the country d. Showing the people all of the riches, modern conveniences, and lifestyles that the majority of the population cannot ever possess

93. Anthropologist Marvin Harris has suggested that the entire fabric of society in the former Soviet Union was undermined by:

a. Marxist theories of social organization b. influence from the cultures of the U.S. and Europe c. widespread racial prejudice and ethnic conflict d. deficiencies in economic infrastructure

94. Perestroika and glasnost are terms that refer to:

a. the power of the masses and religious ideology b. military readiness and nationalistic sentiment c. increasing capitalism and freedom of expression d. totalitarianism and intolerance for ideas critical of the government

95. Since Mao Zedong’s death, China’s leaders have:

a. outlawed students from gaining degrees in the United States b. abolished the commune system c. relied on communist party cadres to instill egalitarian ideals d. endorsed and attained political reforms

22

Final Examination

GED210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

96. Anthropologist Katherine Verdery, who carried out ethnographic work in Romania, identified all but the following as a dilemma currently facing this post-socialist nation:

a. gender inequality reemerging b. black markets and organized crime c. manipulation of legal and political apparatus by former socialist bureaucrats to gain personal economic opportunities d. religious institutions working in opposition to capitalist enterprises

97. The first of the many federal acts to protect archaeological sites was the:

a. historic sites act b. national environmental policy act d. convention on cultural property d. antiquities act

98. Anthropologists John Van Willigen and V. C. Channa found that the increase in dowry deaths was partially the result of:

a. rapid price increases for consumer goods b. decrease in the average age of the bride c. increase in the practice of bridewealth among rural families d. the repeal of national laws that made the institution of dowry illegal

99. Which of the following was not among Van Willigen and Channa’s recommendations for decreasing the incidence of dowry death in India?

a. strengthening legislation that prohibits the institution of dowry b. establishing a gender-neutral inheritance law in which women and men receive equal shares c. passing a requirement for universal marriage registration and licensing d. working towards the achievement of gender equality in India

100. The word “metaculture” is used by anthropologists to refer to a:

a. culture within a culture, such as the culture of African Americans b. culture that has become extinct, but about which enough is known to revive it c. culture that seeks to dominate others, such as the culture of Nazi Germany d. culture that is worldwide and pluralistic, sharing universal values

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