For the Week 2 lab aimed at gaining some insight into artifacts and their properties, do some observation and note taking about ONE of the options below. The first shows1) examples of basketry or sandals, and other artifacts from Oregon. Others, below, contain 2) pottery containers (broken pieces) from historic sites in the eastern U.S, and 3) a set of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) artifacts. The details associated with the photos of the specimens will provide more information about each.
(1). You can go to the University of Oregon Museum of Natural and Cultural History (MNCH; located on campus at 1680 E 15th Ave, next to Global Scholars Hall) in order to look at their exhibits in person (if you are on campus).UO students can enter free.
Look at one of the following galleries from the Museum (MNCH) website for artifacts from Oregon that you can investigate. If you are not on campus, you can look at some items online as described below.
- the Great Basin Basketry (https://mnch.uoregon.edu/collections-galleries/great-basin-basketry
- the Great Basin Sandals (https://mnch.uoregon.edu/collections-galleries/great-basin-sandals )
(2). Examine some fragments of early pottery containers from the Mount Vernon, Virginia, archaeological/historical site.
- https://www.mountvernon.org/preservation/archaeology/archaeology-online//filter/type/Ceramic/2/ (Links to an external site.)
[shows small potsherds as artifacts; considerable detail about individual sherds/pots], OR do
(3). examine the details of artifacts from Professor Ayres’ Rapa Nui (Easter Island) website and select artifacts, features, or ecofacts. Rapa Nui is the famous Polynesian island with huge stone statues. The stone artifacts illustrated are adzes blades used for wood working and fishhooks made out of stone.
- Easter Island Adzes (http://pages.uoregon.edu/wsayres/easter_island/RuaTokitoki.html)
For your lab, write up–in a 2 full page double-spaced report (word count at least 700) —This should briefly (a) discuss what collection you are considering; (b) describe at least 4 individual specimens from the information you have in the museum or online source; and (c) discuss what kinds of preservation issues apply to those artifacts. Further, if you have the information, briefly discuss how archaeologists have analyzed the specimens, and what types of inferences you can make based on the nature of the artifacts.